All your pregnancy
Morning sickness in your pregnancy
Morning sickness is also known
as nausea and vomiting in pregnancy [NVP] and affects more than 50% of pregnant
women. The cause is not completely understood but may be related to hormonal
changes, increased sensitivity to smells, delayed stomach emptying time etc. It
starts usually from your 6th week or so and often does not last longer than your
12th to 14th week.
What is the cause of morning
One of the theories is that
morning sickness is caused by the dominant hormone during pregnancy,
progesterone. Progesterone has a "softening" effect on the muscles in the body.
It is thought it helps prevent preterm labor by effecting the uterine muscles.
It also effects other muscles, such as the stomach and intestines. The
progesterone relaxes the workings of the whole digestive track which makes the
elimination of bodily wastes slower which can lead to a slow emptying of the
stomach which leads to excess stomach acids.
Another theory, and more widely accepted, is that morning sickness is caused by
the buildup of HCG (human chorionic gonadotopin) in your system. HCG is produced
after implantation takes place and continues to increase until about the 12th
week of your pregnancy, at which point the levels of HCG starts to decrease. If
you are lucky, this is when your morning sickness symptoms will start to
decrease as well.
Morning sickness isn't all bad though. Recent studies have suggested that
mothers who have morning sickness have fewer miscarriages so there IS a bright
spot in the midst of your morning, or in come cases, all day miseries.
What can you do about your
You could try the following to
reduce the discomfort that you are feeling:
Eat small and frequent meals
Avoid foods with strong smells
Do not skip a meal
Avoid greasy or spicy foods as
they often cause nausea or heartburn
Eat what you want when you
want it. Your cravings will not make you eat the wrong food. At this stage of
your pregnancy your baby does not need much and you should not worry about
eating the 'right' or 'healthy' foods
Keep some dry 'Marie' biscuits
at your bedside, and have 2 every morning [dry] as soon as you are awake
before you even get out of your bed. Wait 15 minutes and then get up to brush
Drink plenty of fluids between
your meals and avoid too much water with your meals
Avoid taking iron supplements
till your sickness has settled down
Avoid going into your kitchen
when items with a strong odour are being cooked
carry a handkerchief with a
few drops of eucalyptus oil in it and breath through it if you can't get away
from the smell that is bothering you.
If possible try to get help
for cooking as you could then reduce your time in the kitchen
If it gets very bad contact
your doctor and he will be able to prescribe some safe medication that you
If your sickness is very bad
If you have very bad vomiting,
or you have blood in your vomitus, or you get exhausted then your doctor may
decide to admit you for a day or two. He will rehydrate you with fluid, give you
injections to control the vomiting [tablets are then of no use as you may not be
able to retain a tablet long enough for it to have action], and he will test
your urine for 'ketones'. This presence of ketones in your urine is an
indication that you will need plenty of rehydration.
You could read more here